Foye MD and Spa
Weight Loss Clinic and Medical Spa Located in Houston, TX
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a metabolic disease that impairs your body’s ability to regulate the amount of sugar in your bloodstream.
Much of what you eat or drink is converted by your body into a simple sugar called “glucose.” Glucose is the fuel that enables the functioning of the millions of cells that make up your body, and it’s delivered to your cells through your bloodstream.
The pancreas produces a hormone called “insulin” that’s constantly working to make sure that there’s an appropriate amount of sugar in your bloodstream. It does this by pushing any excess sugar into your cells, where it’s stored or used for energy.
Diabetes prevents the proper functioning of this process in one of two ways:
Type 1 diabetes
People who have Type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin because their immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas that make it. Type 1 diabetes affects about 10 percent of the diabetic population. It’s unclear what causes Type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes
People who have Type 2 diabetes produce insulin, but their body is either resistant to it or their pancreas doesn’t produce enough, leaving the glucose in the bloodstream unable to get into the body’s cells. Type 2 diabetes is the result of a combination of genetic and lifestyle factors, such as being overweight.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes have similar symptoms, such as:
- increased hunger
- increased thirst
- frequent urination
- blurry vision
- dry mouth
- sores that don’t heal
Some symptoms that are particular to men include:
- poor muscle strength
- decreased sex drive
- erectile dysfunction
Women in particular might experience:
- yeast infections
- urinary tract infections
- dry, itchy skin
The symptoms of Type 2 diabetes might be tame at first and hard to spot, while the symptoms of Type 1 diabetes tend to occur suddenly and can be more acute.
What are the effects of diabetes?
If left untreated, diabetes can cause a number of severe health complications, including:
- heart attack
- heart disease
- vision loss
- hearing loss
- nerve damage
- organ damage
- bacterial and fungal infections
It’s incredibly important to work with a health care professional to treat and manage diabetes.
What treatments are available for diabetes?
While there is no cure for diabetes, there are a number of methods that are effective in managing it. Type 1 diabetes is primarily treated with insulin injections. Type 2 diabetes can sometimes be treated with lifestyle adjustments, particularly diet and exercise, but there are also a number of medications that can rebalance the levels of glucose and insulin in your system.
Foyé MD and Spa medical professionals are experienced with prescribing a wide array of successful treatment options for the management of diabetes. To learn more, book an appointment at Foyé MD and Spa online or by phone.